Sunday, December 5, 2010

Final Post-The Graphic Design Timeline

For my final posting, I want to present each era as an representative image based on the timeline that was in our lectures. I had started this post earlier so when I opened Module 11 that had a nice review of what we learned, I was thinking oops. But this is strictly off the chart from the modules. Of course some images I picked were just because I liked it or it was different or it meant something to that time frame or just because. If you find an obvious error, please let me know. 

I learned a great deal from the class of "History of Graphic Design." Now every where I go I notice the design and think "that's Bauhaus" or at least take a guess. The artists and designers were always adventurous and pushing the boundaries expanding our world and were great to study to learn about.  As I grew up in the printing industry, I was able to relate to many of the printing and typesetting aspects.
I would like to have studied the first four chapters more slowly like 2 chapters a week instead of the 4. The book was so detailed sometimes I felt I had information overload. It had an impossible task which was to try and find as much as possible all the influential design and art that has effected Graphic Design. I also wish all the Modules and quizzes had been released in the beginning so at times I could do ahead. Commenting on others field journals were a challenge as most didn't post until just before it was due. Overall I thoroughly enjoyed the class and reading other classmates field journal as they taught me too.

So, here is my small contribution.

Chauvet Cave, France
Bayeux Tapestry
The Bayeux Tapestry (French: Tapisserie de Bayeux) is embroidered strip of linen telling the story of the events starting in 1064 that led up to the Battle of Hastings and the Norman Conquest of England in 1066.


Initial A:  A man singing.  MS. LUDWIG VI 2, FOL. 128V
Artist unknown, Italian, circa 1460-1480.
Tempera colors and gold leaf on parchment.
23-3/4" x 17-5/16"


Girl with a Pearl Earring, 1665
Johannes Vermeer



Arts & Crafts
William Morris,
A Book of Verse, 1870

Art Nouveau
Alphonse Mucha

The May Queen  1900
Frances MacDonald
Viennese Children's Books: slide 2
Illustration by Heinrich Lefler for Die Buecher der Chronika der Drei Schwestern, 1900

Separation, 1896
Edvard Munch
Lucian Bernhard, Steinway Grand Piano Poster

date unknown
Picasso, work and date unknown


Solidity of Fog 1912
Luigi Russolo


                  Suprematism Sketch 1920, by Wassily Kandinsky

Berlin Street, 1931
George Grosz

El Lissitzky. Proun 19D. 1922?
Proun 19D,1922
El Lissitzky

de Stijl
Piet Mondrian. Composition in Oval with Color Planes 1. 1914

Composition in Oval with Color Planes 1, 1914

Piet Mondrian

The Bright Side, 1923
Paul Klee

Art Deco
Flight Into the Future, 1946
 Arthur Radebaugh

The Farm 1921/22
Joan Miró
New Typography
A hand-rendered concept produced by Jan Tschichold while exploring his ideas.

Adolf Hitler, Propaganda, Poster, NSDAP


Abstract Expressionism Art
John F. Kennedy, 1962
Elaine de Kooning
Swiss International Style
Trademark Design, 1961
Paul Rand
Revivalism & Eclecticism

Barry Zaid
Images copyright © 1973-2009 Barry Zaid

Japanese Modern(see below)

Grateful Dead concert poster for the Fillmore 2-24-67 by Wes Wilson.
Fillmore concert poster
Wes Wilson
Conceptual Art
Empty Vessel, Empty Vessel , 1961
George Brecht

Memphis Design Fabric, 1980's

UoPENN.print DC results 11.11/10
David Carson

Reinventions: Insights 2008 Design Lecture Series
Ed Fella

New Simplicity

Random Sharing-Design History as shown with Logos

Visal Art

I learned allot by going through these very fast and visual lectures. I am sharing the link with you so you can explore too.!lectures/  I have put two below to because they both show Design History in regards to logos. The first is a "what if" with Coppertone and the second is what really did happen with the Prudential logo.!lectures/history/9000_review/review.html

The Prudential Logo has gone through many design changes that reflected the current trends. Check it out here to see and because of our study, we can easily see what time period each is.!lectures/history/0040_prudential/prudential.html

Thursday, December 2, 2010

Norman Rockwell

© 1943 SEPS
For my own benefit and perhaps for someone else’s, I wanted to know why Norman Rockwell was not even mentioned in Meggs' textbook. Drucker/McVarish did give a nod on page 242 of "Graphic Design History" with one picture "Freedom of Speech." A mere two lines in the section about Iconography and national stereotypes is all. In this small book many were only mentioned in this way or not all as Meggs is the more detailed book. But at least he was in it.

So here is my small attempt to expose others to this great "illustrator", his impact, and how he was shunned in his own time by the industry. Below are some of the most famous of his paintings along with a few of my favorites. He did many others that showed daily life of small town America and showed common experiences. If graphic design is about visual communications, he was a master at it.

At the end is featured an recent exhibit of artists of today and their version of the "Four Freedoms." Some of whom we have studied in our class.  

© 1943 SEPS
 © 1943 SEPS
 "Four Essential Human Freedoms" 1943 were painted in oil in response to President Roosevelt's "Four Freedoms" speech in 1941. After coming up with the ideas, all the government offices turned him down. (Read more about his inspiration and story.) The paintings were first featured for four consecutive weeks on the cover of  the "The Saturday Evening Post" magazine where much of his work published and were accompanied with articles written by prominent thinkers of the day. They were than turned into advertisements for war bonds by the Office of  War Information which helped raise $133 million for the war effort. They speak to the heart of America. What we were fighting for then and what we fighting for now.
Famous rejection quote from that very same Office of War Information when he tried to get someone in Washington to use the ideas of the "Four Freedoms."

"'The last war you illustrators did the posters,’ he said. ‘This war we’re going to use fine arts men, real artists. If you want to make a contribution to the war effort you can do some of these pen-and-ink drawings for the Marine Corps calisthenics manual. But as far as your Four Freedoms go, we aren’t interested.’"

That sums up what was thought of Rockwell early on as he was considered a commercial artist that did his work solely for money but now he is an acknowledged artist and not just an illustrator. The people always knew but it took the art world time to catch up.
Norman Rockwell Licensing

"I showed the America I knew and observed to others who might not have noticed."
-Norman Rockwell

I adore his Santa Claus paintings! 

  The facial expression on the boy is priceless.

Santa Claus doesn't exist

Girl in the Mirror, 1954
Abstract Concrete. This is how I felt sometimes in this class.

The Gossips 1948

Family Tree 1959

After the Prom by Norman Rockwell
After the Prom 1957

A Pictorial History of the United States Army
To Make Man Free WW2


I will do my best.

There are many more you can look at here and of course just googling.
The "Thoughts on Democracy" exhibit on the "Four Freedoms"
by contemporary artists and designers. 
The Thoughts on Democracy exhibition is comprised of posters created by sixty leading contemporary artists and designers, invited by The Wolfsonian in Florida to create a new graphic design inspired by American illustrator Norman Rockwell’s “Four Freedoms” posters, which were recently gifted to the museum by Leonard A. Lauder.

Four Freedoms poster by Kit Hinrichs.

Liberty Weeps by Elliott EarlsLiberty Weepsby Elliott Earls
24"x36" glicée print

Edward Fella

It is my hope that we as a country will continue to keep and fight for these ideals. Thanks for letting me share. Good luck to all in your futures.

Your Faithful Friend